Guinea-Bissau, officially the Republic of Guinea-Bissau is a country in West Africa. It covers 36,125 km² (nearly 14,000 sq mi) with an estimated population of 1,600,000.
Guinea-Bissau was once part of the kingdom of Gabu, as well as part of the Mali Empire. Parts of this kingdom persisted until the 18th century, while a few others were under some rule by the Portuguese Empire since the 16th century. In the 19th century, it was colonized as Portuguese Guinea. Upon independence, declared in 1973 and recognized in 1974, the name of its capital, Bissau, was added to the country's name to prevent confusion with Guinea (formerly French Guinea). Guinea-Bissau has a history of political instability since independence, and no elected president has successfully served a full five-year term.
Only 14% of the population speaks Portuguese, established as the official language in the colonial period. Almost half the population (44%) speaks Crioulo, a Portuguese-based creole language, and the remainder speak a variety of native African languages. The main religions are African traditional religions and Islam; there is a Christian (mostly Roman Catholic) minority. The country's per-capita gross domestic product is one of the lowest in the world.
Guinea-Bissau is a republic. In the past, the government had been highly centralized. Multi-party governance was not established until mid-1991. The president is the head of state and the prime minister is the head of government. Since 1974, no president has successfully served a full five year term.
It is bordered by Senegal to the north and Guinea to the south and east, with the Atlantic Ocean to its west.
Once praised as a role model for development in Africa, Guinea-Bissau is now one of the poorest countries in the world. However, democracy is on the rise, and progress has been made to improve the quality of life for Guineans.
With RETO, you can help orphaned and abandoned children in Guinea-Bissau in the following areas:
- Youth Empowerment
- Child Care Support
- Children Shelter Support
- Infrastructure Improvements